Explore the Health Professions | Smith College

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Optometrists may open a private practice or work with other optometrists or doctors in a shared office. I have not been able to visit. Small classes rank. These are foundational to almost every health profession and are prerequisites to other courses you may take at Smith. A chiropractor might refer patients to other fields of medicine for treatment if symptoms suggest disease elsewhere in the body. There is a great deal of variety among nursing schools when it comes to prerequisite course work.
 
 

 

Is Hamilton College Good For Pre-Med? – CLJ.What is Pre-Med like at Smith? – Smith College – College Confidential Forums

 

Health Professions Advising. All health professions are related to the health and well-being of humans and animals. Health professions vary in philosophy, career lifestyle, education duration and earning capacity. Students are encouraged to explore a variety of health professions during their time at Smith. Before committing to a certain profession—and the degree required to pursue that profession—you should be confident that your chosen path is the right fit.

Following are helpful resources and information about specific health professions. Oriental medicine assesses, diagnoses and treats patients using the traditional Chinese philosophy of Qi pronounced «chee». Qi is energy that must flow circuitously in the body for optimum health. Practitioners of oriental medicine manipulate skin and muscle to improve Qi circulation, and thus restore energy and stimulate healing. As a holistic method of healing, oriental medicine also considers patient diet, lifestyle, mental condition and emotional state when constructing a diagnosis or treatment.

Oriental medicine uses a variety of treatments. Some practitioners use acupuncture, which is the process of inserting thin needles at acupressure points on the body.

Other treatments include Tui Na , a series of hand techniques to stimulate pressure points in the body; moxabustion , burning herbs around parts of the body; cupping , a warm suction applied topically; and Gua Sha , gently scraping the skin. These treatments are performed alone as a therapy, or as a supplement to acupuncture. Herbal remedies may also be used to treat patients. Western medicine has adapted techniques from oriental medicine, and acupuncture is well recognized as a treatment for osteoarthritis and other musculoskeletal pain.

Research studies regarding the use of oriental medicine for treatment of other illnesses are ongoing, and in many cases reflect good results. Some common ailments that a practitioner might treat include chronic pain, headaches, hypertension, menstrual cramps and depression.

Most practitioners of oriental medicine are self-employed in a private practice, but some may work at a hospital in integrative medicine. Practitioners of oriental medicine may work with osteopathic physicians, physical therapists, nutritionists, naturopaths and chiropractors. To be eligible for licensure examinations, students must complete a master-level education, such as a master of science in acupuncture and Oriental medicine M.

These degrees typically require three to four years of combined education and clinical work. Curriculum emphasizes traditional Oriental medicine treatments, biomedical science, patient counseling, ethics, practice management, herbal medicine and Chinese medical language.

Some schools teach acupuncture or herbal medicine programs separately, and may focus on different types of Oriental medicine, including Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Five Element. Students with a master-level education may wish to pursue a doctor of acupuncture and Oriental medicine D. There are currently five accredited institutions that offer a D. The requirements to practice acupuncture and oriental medicine AOM depend on the state of practice.

Currently, 42 states and the District of Columbia regulate AOM, and all of these states except for California require examinations administered by the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. California administers its own board examination. The licensing requirements of each state may change, and there may be additional requirements in some states. Students should research the licensing requirements of their intended state of residence prior to submitting their application to a school of AOM.

International program accreditation, core curriculum and licensing standards may be variable. Students who plan to practice abroad should familiarize themselves with these requirements prior to applying to an AOM program. Accredited AOM master’s programs require at least two years of relevant undergraduate education, though some schools require a bachelor’s degree.

Undergraduate coursework in biology, anatomy and physiology, general chemistry, algebra, and psychology are common requirements. Students applying to a D. Applications should be submitted directly to the institution. Admissions boards will consider a student’s undergraduate grade point average, personal statement, and information gained through letters of recommendation and interviews. Students considering which AOM program will be the «best fit» may wish to evaluate criteria such as tuition costs, campus location, the types of facilities available, commitment to student diversity, the extent of funding for research projects and the mission statement of the school.

Physicians are responsible for maintaining the health of human patients, and often work in a specific area of care. For example, an internist diagnoses patient illnesses, a gynecologist works with the female reproductive system, a cardiologist provides care for the heart, and a pediatrician works with sick children.

There are many fields in medicine to investigate during medical school. A physician is one part of a large health care team. Physicians typically work in environments such as clinics, group health organizations or hospitals, and are assisted by a variety of medical and administrative personnel. Some physicians work in private practice.

Academic institutions may also hire a physician to teach, conduct research or direct clinical training programs. A degree in human medicine requires four years of study beyond the bachelor’s degree at an accredited institution in the United States. After completing medical school, physicians participate in a residency program that lasts three to eight years, depending on the chosen medical specialty. Many schools offer dual-degree programs a medical degree combined with another degree such as an M.

These programs require additional months or years of study. Medical schools in the United States can be divided into two general categories: allopathic M. The curricula are virtually identical. Both types of schools produce physicians who are eligible to become licensed to practice in the United States and many other countries. Both prepare students to specialize in the area of their choice. Residency programs recognize the degrees as equivalent, and the schools have the same basic admission requirements.

Dual-degree programs can also be found at both M. However, while graduates of osteopathic medical schools pursue specialties in all areas of medicine, a larger number of osteopathic graduates enter primary care.

In addition to the basic and clinical sciences taught at both allopathic and osteopathic medical schools, students of osteopathic medicine receive instruction in osteopathic manipulative medicine OMM , a form of hands-on palpation and manipulation used to improve health. Students who complete the D. Some states may have additional licensing requirements. Students who plan to practice abroad should familiarize themselves with these requirements prior to applying to an M.

Generally, M. Information gathered through school transcripts, interviews and letters of recommendation is also important. Undergraduate coursework in biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics is generally required, but an undergraduate science degree is not. All students applying to D. The admissions interfaces for M. Osteopathic medical schools on average receive slightly fewer applications than allopathic medical schools. Nevertheless, entry to osteopathic medical school remains highly competitive and these schools should not be regarded as safety nets.

Students are advised to confirm the application interface and admission requirements of their intended institutions prior to starting the application process.

Students comparing D. Chiropractors use adjustive therapies to treat patients with joint inflammation, osteoarthritis, muscle soreness or chronic pain.

This branch of care involves realigning the spine by physically manipulating areas of the body around the back and neck. As necessary, chiropractors may also manipulate extremities as part of their treatment. Chiropractors use this treatment holistically in conjunction with other medical therapies, such as those that utilize naturopathic medicine, physical activity, nutrition or physical therapy. A chiropractor does not prescribe medication.

However, a chiropractor will take a medical history and gather information to assess a patient, diagnose a condition and implement a treatment plan. A chiropractor might refer patients to other fields of medicine for treatment if symptoms suggest disease elsewhere in the body. Some chiropractors specialize in a patient population, and may work with osteopathic clinicians, nutritionists, athletic groups, massage therapists or physical therapists.

Most chiropractors are self-employed in a private practice, but some may work in a shared office with other healthcare providers.

Academic institutions may hire a chiropractor to teach, conduct research or direct clinical training programs. A doctor of chiropractic D. Students will learn about anatomy, physiology, pathology, kinesthesiology, biochemistry and biology. Students apply theory during their final two years, as they gain experience through clinical practice and laboratory work.

Chiropractors who wish to teach, conduct research or specialize within a patient population should expect to spend one to two years in residency after completing their degree. All chiropractors are required to pass national and state exams.

The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners NBCE regulates a four-part national examination, which is administered at different times during the chiropractic education. Many states require practicing chiropractors to undergo periodic examinations and be engaged in continuing education. There are currently 16 accredited institutions that offer chiropractic programs within the United States. International program accreditation, core curriculum and licensing standards may vary. Students who plan to practice abroad should familiarize themselves with these requirements prior to applying to a D.

The application process and the requirements for a chiropractic program vary by institution. Generally, chiropractic programs require 90 credit hours of undergraduate coursework, with at least 24 credit hours emphasizing life and physical sciences such as biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, anthropology, anatomy, physiology and physics.

Students should check the specific requirements of their intended program prior to submitting an application. Some institutions may waive certain requirements if a student has a high GPA.

Conversely, students with a cumulative GPA below 3. Students should submit their applications directly to each program of interest. In evaluating incoming applications, admissions boards will consider a student’s course work, GPA, personal statement and information gained through letters of recommendation, essays and interviews.

Students considering which chiropractic school will be the «best fit» may wish to evaluate criteria such as tuition costs, campus location, the types of facilities available, commitment to student diversity, the extent of funding for research projects and the mission statement of the school.

The field of dentistry broadly encompasses the processes of diagnosis, treatment and preventative care of oral tissue and the surrounding facial areas.

 
 

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