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North America. Vancouver Vancouver occupies a pretty enviable spot in the world. City Centre. Kitsilano-Granville Island. West End. As a region, it includes the Gulf Islands in the Strait of Georgia. Central Vancouver Island. South Vancouver Island. The official tourist information site calls the area «Vancouver, Coast and Mountains».
North Vancouver. Fraser Valley. Kootenays Kootenays is a large region in British Columbia. This area begins at the Alberta border and extends west to the Monashee range of the Columbia Mountains. West Kootenays. East Kootenays. Yoho National Park. Northern British Columbia Northern British Columbia is a vast region covering most of the northern half of the province of British Columbia.
Photo: Wikimedia , CC0. Haida Gwaii. North Coast-Nechako. Prince George. Prince Rupert. Cariboo-Central Coast The Cariboo-Central Coast is a sparsely populated region in the central interior and coast of British Columbia, with beautiful scenery, endless outdoor opportunities, and a fascinating gold rush history. Williams Lake. Bella Coola. Latitude of centre. Thanks for contributing to our open data sources. Bing Maps. Zoom Earth. Popular Destinations in Canada Toronto.
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– British Columbia – Wikipedia
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First Steps to Take Upon Arrival. Where Should I Live. Cost of Living. How Do I Rent an Apartment. How Do Leases Work. How Does Public Transportation Work. What to Do in British Columbia. Fun and Unique Trivia About.
The online application takes 15 minutes to complete. Before moving forward with address changes, create a checklist of the addresses of all the places that need to be changed.
It is completely free and it allows users to notify over public and private organizations about their new address simultaneously. Once you have handled all your administrative tasks, you should also get yourself a local phone number if you come from outside of Canada.
More details on that will be provided later in this article. Saanich : Located in Greater Victoria, this is a thriving coastal city with the lowest unemployment rate in Canada. Fort St. John : This is a small city with a population of less than 20, Kelowna : This quaint little city is nestled next to the Okanagan Lake.
This coastal city is known for its old-world charm as it is replete with narrow cobbled streets and 19th century stone buildings reminiscent of Victorian England. That is befitting since the city is named after Queen Victoria herself. What is the Cost of Living in BC? Service along the route is now minimal. Vancouver Island was also host to the last logging railway in North America until its closure in Current passenger services in British Columbia are limited.
Via Rail Canada operates 10 long-distance trains per week on two lines. Amtrak runs international passenger service between Vancouver, Seattle , and intermediate points. BC Ferries was established as a provincial crown corporation in to provide passenger and vehicle ferry service between Vancouver Island and the Lower Mainland as a cheaper and more reliable alternative to the service operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway and other private operators. It now operates 25 routes among the islands of British Columbia , as well as between the islands and the mainland.
Ferry service over inland lakes and rivers is provided by the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. Various other coastal ferries are operated privately. Commercial ocean transport is of vital importance. Vancouver, Victoria, and Prince Rupert are also major ports of call for cruise ships. In , a large maritime container port was opened in Prince Rupert with an inland sorting port in Prince George. There are over airports throughout British Columbia, the major ones being the Vancouver International Airport , the Victoria International Airport , the Kelowna International Airport , and the Abbotsford International Airport , the first three of which each served over 1,, passengers in As of [update] , Vancouver International Airport is the 2nd busiest airport in the country and the second biggest International Gateway on the west coast after Los Angeles with an estimated Given its varied mountainous terrain and its coasts, lakes, rivers, and forests, British Columbia has long been enjoyed for pursuits like hiking and camping, rock climbing and mountaineering, hunting and fishing.
Water sports, both motorized and non-motorized, are enjoyed in many places. Sea kayaking opportunities abound on the British Columbia coast with its fjords. Whitewater rafting and kayaking are popular on many inland rivers. Sailing and sailboarding are widely enjoyed.
In winter, cross-country and telemark skiing are much enjoyed, and in recent decades high-quality downhill skiing has been developed in the Coast Mountain range and the Rockies, as well as in the southern areas of the Shuswap Highlands and the Columbia Mountains. Snowboarding has mushroomed in popularity since the early s. The Winter Olympics downhill events were held in Whistler Blackcomb area of the province, while the indoor events were conducted in the Vancouver area.
In Vancouver and Victoria as well as some other cities , opportunities for joggers and bicyclists have been developed. Cross-country bike touring has been popular since the ten-speed bike became available many years ago. Since the advent of the more robust mountain bike , trails in more rugged and wild places have been developed for them. A poll on global biking website Pinkbike rated BC as the top destination mountain bikers would like to ride.
Longboarding is also a popular activity because of the hilly geography of the region. Horseback riding is enjoyed by many British Columbians. Opportunities for trail riding , often into especially scenic areas, have been established for tourists in numerous areas of the province. British Columbia also has strong participation levels in many other sports, including golf , tennis , soccer , hockey , Canadian football , rugby union , lacrosse , baseball , softball , basketball , curling , disc golf , Ultimate and figure skating.
British Columbia has produced many outstanding athletes, especially in aquatic and winter sports. Consistent with both increased tourism and increased participation in diverse recreations by British Columbians has been the proliferation of lodges , chalets , bed and breakfasts , motels, hotels, fishing camps, and park-camping facilities in recent decades.
In certain areas, there are businesses, non-profit societies, or municipal governments dedicated to promoting ecotourism in their region. British Columbia is home to a comprehensive education system consisting of public schools and independent schools that is overseen by the provincial Ministry of Education. The public school system is divided in 59 anglophone school districts and one francophone school district, the Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique , which operates French-language public schools throughout the province.
Although 86 percent of students are enrolled in the public school system, British Columbia has one of the highest shares of independent school enrolment among Canadian province, at 14 percent of the student population, due to its relatively generous funding model; most independent schools receive 50 percent of the operating funding that their public counterparts receive from the government.
A very small percentage less than 1 percent of students are home schooled. Like most other provinces in Canada, education is compulsory from ages 6 to 16 grades 1—10 , although the vast majority of students remain in school until they graduate from high school grade 12 at the age of In order to graduate with a graduation certificate, known as a Dogwood Diploma in BC, students must a minimum of 80 course credits during grades 10 to These credits include a variety of required courses e.
Academic achievement in British Columbia is relatively good, although it has been slipping in recent years by some measures. In , 86 percent of students in British Columbia graduated from high school within six years of entering grade 8. In September , there were 11, international students in BC public K schools and about 3, international students in other BC K schools. British Columbia has diverse array of higher educational institutions, ranging from publicly funded universities, colleges, and institutes, to private universities, colleges, seminaries, and career institutes.
Public institutions receive approximately half of their funding from grants from the provincial government, with the remaining revenue stemming from tuition charges and philanthropic donations. British Columbia is also home to 11 private colleges and universities located throughout the province, including:. Two American universities Fairleigh Dickinson University  and Northeastern University  also have degree-granting campuses located in Vancouver.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from British columbia. Province of Canada. Province in Canada. Coat of arms. Splendor Sine Occasu Latin «Splendour without diminishment». Main article: Geography of British Columbia. Main article: Wild and medicinal plants of British Columbia. Main article: History of British Columbia. Main article: Columbia District.
See also: Oregon Country and Oregon boundary dispute. This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience.
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Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. April This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Demographics of British Columbia. Ten largest metropolitan areas by population  [c] Metropolitan area  1 Vancouver 2,, 2,, 2,, 2 Victoria , , , 3 Kelowna , , , 4 Abbotsford , , , 5 Nanaimo , , 98, 6 Kamloops , , 98, 7 Chilliwack , , 92, 8 Prince George 89, 86, 84, 9 Vernon 67, 61, 58, 10 Courtenay 63, 54, 55, Ten largest municipalities by population Municipality  1 Vancouver , , , 2 Surrey , , , 3 Burnaby , , , 4 Richmond , , , 5 Abbotsford , , , 6 Coquitlam , , , 7 Kelowna , , , 8 Langley , , , 9 Saanich , , , 10 Delta , , 99, This section needs to be updated.
Please help update this section to reflect recent events or newly available information. February Main article: Economy of British Columbia. Main article: List of British Columbia provincial highways. British Columbia passenger rail. Prince George Overnight stop. Via Rail to Jasper , Canadian to Toronto.
D’Arcy Limited service. Main article: List of airports in British Columbia. See also: Education in British Columbia. See also: Higher education in British Columbia. Pacific Northwest portal Canada portal. The entirety of Northern Rockies Regional Municipality. Geographical Names Data Base.
Natural Resources Canada. Statistics Canada. February 9, Archived from the original on February 10, Retrieved February 10, June 22, Archived from the original on June 24, Retrieved July 2, November 9, Archived from the original on September 19, Retrieved January 26, Archived from the original on July 18, Retrieved July 18, Archived from the original on March 2, Retrieved March 22, Archived from the original on May 15, Retrieved April 27, Archived from the original on February 9, Retrieved March 1, Mallandaine and R.
Dictionary of Falklands Biography. Archived from the original on July 31, Retrieved June 6, Archived from the original on November 26, Retrieved November 25, Retrieved September 21, Retrieved March 3, Archived from the original on March 30, Retrieved March 29, Archived from the original on April 5, Retrieved April 21, Canadian Encyclopedia.
Archived from the original on May 4, Retrieved May 4, Port of Vancouver. March 18, Archived from the original on March 3, Archived from the original on May 5, November 10, Retrieved May 22, Business in Vancouver.
JSTOR Discovery Press. ISBN Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved November 22, Archived from the original on December 12, Retrieved May 17, Tourism BC.
Archived from the original on July 9, Retrieved April 26, Ministry of Forests. Archived PDF from the original on November 14, Retrieved January 17, Archived from the original on December 22, Retrieved January 24, Archived from the original on January 19, October 31, Archived from the original on December 8, Retrieved October 19, Canadian Climate Normals — Environment Canada.
September 25, Archived from the original on January 16, Retrieved January 15, Canadian Climate Normals — Station Data. Retrieved January 16, Archived from the original on October 17, The Weather Doctor Almanac. Archived from the original on July 21, Retrieved July 14, Archived from the original on August 1, Retrieved June 30, Archived from the original on February 27, Retrieved December 19, Archived from the original on February 12, Retrieved February 12, Summit Lodge Boutique Hotel Whistler.
July 30, The Life of Birds. BBC publication. Oceanwatch BC Coast. November 28, Ecology and silviculture of interior spruce in British Columbia. Biodiversity BC. Archived PDF from the original on November 15, UBC Press. Archived from the original on May 18, Handbook of Native American Mythology. Archived from the original on June 27, Archived from the original on June 12, Retrieved June 14, D Moscow- RSUH.
Archived PDF from the original on September 21, Retrieved April 11, BC Archives. Archived from the original on March 14, Smithsonian Institution. Sage Publications. Archived from the original on May 26, Retrieved February 22, Archived from the original on December 27, University of British Columbia Press. Archived from the original on May 11, Archived from the original on January 25, Retrieved February 8, Simon Fraser University.
Willard E. Most of course will change their minds, realizing it a flight of fancy. Our province has an amazing selection of outdoor activities, ranging from skiing to swimming, many of which can be enjoyed for free.
Not blowing cash for entertainment will be important to a lot of younger people applying for entry-level jobs. Workers from the U. Evaluate your options, come up with a budget and give some serious thought to making the idea work.
For those who decide to pursue the idea, Canada has a few viable avenues, whether permanent, as a working holiday or for a job. Working holiday visas are an attractive option because they do not require applicants to secure a job before arriving.
Budding actors may want to look at working in the film industry to take advantage of the number of movies and TV shows that shoot in B. Maybe your authentic accent will help you get a walk-on part between sweeping the sets and fetching coffee for the stars.
First, candidates must be aged Check your eligiblity here as some nationalities can not be over the age of You will likely need to prove you have access to savings with which to pay living costs should you not secure a job right away. Seward ‘s plan to incorporate the entire northwest Pacific Coast, chiefly for the long-term commercial advantages to the United States in terms of Pacific trade. Seward believed that the people in British Columbia wanted annexation and that Britain would accept this in exchange for the Alabama claims.
In the event, Seward dropped the idea of exchange and accepted an arbitration plan that settled the Alabama claims for cash. Anti-confederationists, who were not necessarily annexationists, were the majority on Vancouver Island.
That said, annexationists argued that the colony would never be able to negotiate with the United States a free trade agreement similar to the Reciprocity Treaty of , and that annexation would end the disadvantage of the American tariff. Most Canadian-born residents supported confederation with their land of origin but were not very popular, as many in the colony believed that they sent their money home instead of spending it in British Columbia as the American-born colonists did.
Residents of the mainland almost unanimously supported confederation with the rest of British North America; they argued that this would benefit the colony as Canada would soon negotiate another reciprocity treaty.
Many British-born colonists were on both sides. Representative Nathaniel P. Banks of Massachusetts’ Annexation Bill of offered voluntary annexation to British North America, including territorial status for Vancouver Island and British Columbia together as the «territory of Columbia».
They claimed that «[i]t did not become necessary in a single instance to broach the subject of the cession of that territory to the United States, for it was the constant theme of conversation». Employees of the Hudson’s Bay Company were said to be especially supportive, although they and many others could not make their opinion public because of fears of being denounced as disloyal. Until the Alaska Purchase and the new Dominion status  which were almost simultaneous , the British had been indifferent to the fate of British Columbia.
London realized its value as a base for its imperial trade opportunities in the Pacific and the need of the Royal Navy for a station in the region. Grant asking for annexation. While there is no reason to believe that they accurately represented the majority opinion, many colonists viewed Washington and London as equal competitors for British Columbia’s loyalty depending on who offered more incentives, while Ottawa was more foreign and less familiar. In August Lord Granville communicated London’s new view of British Columbia when he wrote to Musgrave, «I have no hesitation in stating that [support of confederation] is also the opinion of Her Majesty’s Government.
Many British-born colonists now supported confederation as the best way to maintain a connection with Britain. By April the Victoria Colonist reported that a mass meeting in Victoria supported confederation while «the vaguest hint in the direction of annexation was met with a howl of execration». Both the depressed economic situation — arising from the collapse of the gold rushes — and a desire for the establishment of truly responsible and representative government , led to enormous domestic pressure for British Columbia to join the Canadian Confederation , which had been proclaimed in And so on 20 July , British Columbia became the sixth province to join Canada.
In return for British Columbia entering Confederation, Canada absorbed BC’s massive debt and promised to build a railway from Montreal to the Pacific coast within 10 years. Contrary to popular belief British Columbia did not demand a transcontinental railway as a condition of confederation; its delegates expected a wagon road, but John A. Macdonald ‘s national government proposed the railway as a substitute, with Ottawa and London viewing it as a way of connecting not just British Columbia but the prairies with the rest of the British Empire.
The provincial legislature threatened to secede in because Macdonald’s successor Alexander Mackenzie , whose Liberal Party had opposed the railway, attempted to modify the promise; Macdonald’s return to power that year likely kept British Columbia from departing Canada. The mining frontier in BC led to the development of many mines and smelters, mostly through American investment.
One of the world’s largest smelters still exists as of [update] in Trail. The capital and work to be found in BC during the turn of the 19th century to the 20th century led to the founding of several new towns in BC such as Nelson , Nakusp , Slocan , Kimberley , Castlegar , Rossland , and Salmo. A large coal empire run by Robert Dunsmuir — and by his son and later BC premier in office: — , James Dunsmuir , developed on Vancouver Island during this era. As the economy on the mainland continued to improve as a result of improved transportation and increased settlement, other resource-based economic activity began to flourish.
Throughout the latter half of the nineteenth century, fishing , forestry , and farming including the planting of extensive orchards in the Okanagan region became the «three F’s» on which the province built its economy — a situation that persisted well into the late twentieth century.
With the booming economy came the expansion of the original fur-trading posts into thriving communities such as Victoria, Nanaimo , and Kamloops. It also led to the establishment of new communities, such as Yale, New Westminster, and — most notably, though a latecomer — Vancouver.
The product of the consolidation of the burgeoning mill-towns of Granville and Hastings Mill — located near the mouth of the Fraser on Burrard Inlet in the later s — Vancouver was incorporated in following its selection as the railhead for the Canadian Pacific Railway. Despite a devastating fire that all but wiped out the city three months later, Vancouver quickly became the largest city in the province, its ports conveying both the resource wealth of the province — as well as that transported from the prairie provinces by rail — to markets overseas.
Vancouver’s status as the principal city in the province has endured, augmented by growth in the surrounding municipalities of Richmond , Burnaby , Surrey , Delta , Coquitlam , and New Westminster. As of [update] , Metro Vancouver is the third most populous metropolitan area in Canada, behind Toronto and Montreal. In the late 19th century British Columbia’s ethnic diversity began to develop significantly, as immigration was not fed entirely by European countries.
Chinese and Japanese emigrants made many coastal settlements home, beginning in the s, and became increasingly more evident in the s. Since the days of the fur trade, British Columbia’s economy has been based on natural resources , particularly fishing, logging and mining. From the canneries to the mills and mines, BC’s resource sector was increasingly the domain of large commercial interests. With industrialization and economic growth, workers arrived to join in the seemingly boundless prosperity.
Increasingly, these workers came from Asia as well as Europe. The mix of cultures and diversity was a source of strength, but also, often, of conflict. The early part of the 20th century was a time of great change and talk between immigrants and the First Nations , all of whom found their lives changing rapidly.
The dominance of the economy by big business was accompanied by an often militant labour movement. The first major sympathy strike was in when railway employees struck against the CPR for union recognition.
Labour leader Frank Rogers was killed while picketing at the docks by CPR police during that strike, becoming the British Columbia movement’s first martyr. Most of the s strikes were led by Communist Party organizers. After two tense months of daily and disruptive protesting, the relief camp strikers decided to take their grievances to the federal government and embarked on the On-to-Ottawa Trek ,  but their commandeered train was met by a gatling gun at Hatzic , just east of Mission City , and the strikers arrested and interned in work camps for the duration of the Depression.
At the time that BC was settled the ideology of the British Empire , and of many of its colonial settlers was based on an assumption of superiority, often racial superiority based on the pseudo-science of Race.
Racism and a desire to create a white colony were widespread. The scientific thinking of Charles Darwin was used to develop a theory of the races, which is today completely discredited — came to be known as Social Darwinism. Under the ideology of Social Darwinism, a series of restrictive laws were passed, by both federal and provincial levels of government. The Potlatch Ban outlawed First Nations cultural and spiritual practices,  non-white people were denied the vote — specifically First Nations, Chinese, Indians, and Japanese people.
During the 20th century, many immigrant groups arrived in British Columbia and today, Vancouver is the second most ethnically diverse city in Canada, only behind Toronto. By the government passed the Chinese Immigration Act , which prohibited all Chinese immigration until Perhaps the most famous incident of anti-Indian racism in BC was in when the Komagata Maru arrived in Vancouver Harbour with Punjabi Sikhs, Muslims , and Hindus aboard, of whom only 20 were allowed entry.
The Komagata Maru spent two months in the harbour while the Khalsa Society went through the courts to appeal their case. The Khalsa Society also kept the passengers on the Komagata Maru alive during those two months.
During the Second World War, security concerns following the bombing of Pearl Harbor and Canada’s entry into the war versus Japan led to controversial measures. The local Japanese-Canadian population was openly discriminated against, being put in internment camps. The Pacific Coast Militia Rangers were formed in in order to provide an armed presence on the coast in addition to the pre-war fortress garrisons, which were expanded after hostilities.
Japanese military attacks against BC amounted to a small number of parachute bombs released from a great distance away and by the middle of , the threat of direct attack diminished following defeat at the Battle of Midway by US forces.
Alcohol was prohibited in British Columbia for about four years, from to A referendum in asked BC citizens whether they approved of making alcohol illegal the other question was whether women had the right to vote. The contested results rejecting prohibition led to a major political scandal that subsequently saw the referendum being overturned and alcohol prohibited. US prohibition in the s and early s led to a thriving business of producing and smuggling alcohol to quench the thirst of BC’s southern neighbours.
Many of Vancouver’s richest families built or consolidated their fortunes in the rum-running business. Some compare today’s robust cannabis -growing industry in BC the number-one cash crop to this earlier era. A Pacific Command was created in also and was disbanded in During the war, a range of coastal defences were constructed, including harbour defences for Vancouver.
Today’s Museum of Anthropology at UBC sits atop the foundation for gun batteries that were used to command Vancouver Harbour approaches. Militia units from southern BC provided cadres for many regiments that eventually fought in Europe. In , British Columbia ratified the Columbia River Treaty which required the building of three large dams in British Columbia in return for financial compensation related to US hydroelectric power production enabled by the dams.
The dams flooded large areas within British Columbia but would prove to be a very stable and renewable source of power for the province. If the 20th century can be said to have been see above one of ethnocultural strife, the 21st thus far can be said to be one of relative harmony.
One of the first pronouncements of Stephen Harper , upon his victory in the 39th general election to the Parliament in Ottawa, was that proper redress would be afforded the payers of the Chinese head tax.
The Chinese appeasement policies continue to bear fruit. The province hosted the Winter Olympics in Vancouver and Whistler.
Is british columbia in canada or usa –
New Caledonia, as the whole of the mainland rather than just its north-central Interior came to be called, continued to be an unorganized territory of British North America, «administered» by individual HBC trading post managers. Some of the early outposts grew into settlements, communities, and cities.
British Columbia Map – Canada – Mapcarta.WelcomeBC / Geography of BC – WelcomeBC
Answer 1 of Thinking about a weekend getaway for a couple Seattle based USA citizens, to Vancouver in late August. It appears that after 21 August, Canada will let us in (with negative . British Columbia Map – Canada – Mapcarta North America Canada British Columbia British Columbia is a western province of Canada, between the Pacific Ocean, and the Rocky . Mar 18, · Workers from the U.S. might be thrilled by a $ minimum wage until they realize a studio apartment in a desirable Vancouver location can run $1, a month (or .